Antinociceptive and Relaxant Effects of Aqueous Extract of the Aerial Part of Ziziphora clinopodioides

  • Seyyed Majid Bagheri [1] Department of Physiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IRAN. [2]Neurobiomedical Research Center, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IRAN.
  • Hamid Mohamadsadeghi Department of Physiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IRAN.
Keywords: Ziziphora clinopodioides, Pain, Spasmolytic, Hot plate, Writhing test

Abstract

Background and Aim: Plants from Iranian biomes, such as Ziziphora clinopodioides has been used as natural medicines by local populations in the treatment of several diseases such as asthma and stomachache and hypertension. In this study we investigated the antinociceptive and spasmolytic effects of aerial parts of aqueous extract of Ziziphora clinopodioides (APAEZC). Methods: The extract was injected to male mice 15 min before the onset of experiments intraperitoneally. Writhing and hot-plate tests were applied to study the analgesic effect of APAEZC and compared with that of diclofenac sodium (30 mg/kg, i.p.) or morphine (8 mg/kg, i.p). For evaluating spasmolytic effect of the extract, 5 cm of smooth muscle from ileum of rats were removed and set up for recording the isotonic contractions. Control contractions were obtained by adding acetylcholine (10-4M) to each tissue preparation and the spasmolytic action of different APAEZC concentrations (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3%) on maximum contraction induced by acetylcholine were evaluated 5 min later. Results: APAEZC exhibited a significant (P<0.05) antinociceptive effect in both chronic and acute pain in all doses in mice and also showed a significant spasmolytic effect at dose 0.2 (P<0.05) and dose 0.3% (P<0.01). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that APAEZC have analgesic and relaxant effects. These results support the traditional claim of Ziziphora clinopodioides as an antinociceptive and antispasmodic therapeutic agent.

The percentage of Maximum Possible Effect (%MPE) of different treatments on acute pain inhibition at different time points in hot plate test (n=6).
Published
2019-09-30
How to Cite
Bagheri, S. M., & Mohamadsadeghi, H. (2019). Antinociceptive and Relaxant Effects of Aqueous Extract of the Aerial Part of Ziziphora clinopodioides. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology, 6(3), 91-94. https://doi.org/10.5330/ijcep.2019.6.3.25